Psychology for Lawyers

Course Readings | Spring | 2017

1: introduction--the lawyer as counselor

Thomas L. Shaffer & James R. Elkins, Legal Interviewing and Counseling 1-41 (St. Paul, Minnesota: Thomson West, 4th ed., 2005) [or, see the adaptation from the Shaffer & Elkins reading online]

Thomas L. Shaffer, Lawyers, Counselors, and Counselors at law, 61 A.B.A. J. 854 (July, 1975) [online text]

Andrew S. Watson, The Lawyer as Counselor, 5 J. Fam. L. 7 (1965) [online text]

"The Lawyer as Advisor: 'Human' Factors that Complicate Your Role," in Robin Wellford Slocum, Legal Reasoning, Writing, & Other Lawyering Skills ch4 (LexisNexis, 3rd ed., 2011) [online text]

2: a first look at psychotherapy

George Weinberg, The Heart of Psychotherapy: A Journey into the Mind and Office of the Therapist at Work 78-112 (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1984)

Willard Gaylin, Talk Is Not Enough: How Psychotherapy Really Works 31-51 (Boston: Little, Brown& Co., 2000)

Elizabeth Kilpatrick, "What Do You Do in Analysis?" in Karen Horney (ed.), Are You Considering Psychoanalysis? 159-185 (New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1946)

"The Analytic Attitude: An Introduction," in Roy Schafer, The Analytic Attitude 3-13 (New York: Basic Books, 1983)

3: walter barnett's 2nd session with dr. paul weston

Leston Haven, Coming to Life 28-43 (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1993)

Shari M. Geller, "Therapeutic Presence as a Foundation for Relational Depth," in Roxanne Knox, David Murphy, Susan Wiggins & Mick Cooper (eds.), Relational Depth: New Perspectives and Developments 175-184 (New York: Palgrave, 2013) [online text]

Joseph Lichtenberg, The (And This) Analyst's Intentions, 95 (5) Psychoanalytic Review 711 (2008) [online text] [The significant section of Lichtenberg's paper is pp. 711-716; there is no pressing need to read the remainder of the article.]

Stanley B. Messer, A Psychodynamic Perspective on Resistance in Psychotherapy: Vive la Résistance, 58 (2) In Session: Psychotherapy in Practice 157-160, 163 (2002) [online text]

4: mia (a lawyer) in therapy--introduction to neurosis

Daniel Goldman, "The Strange Agony of Success," New York Times (August 24, 1986) [online text]

An Introduction to the Neurotic

Ken Sanes, Psychoanalysis, Neurosis and the Self After Freud [online text]

"Neurosis," in Dino Franco Felluga, Critical Theory: The Key Concepts (New York: Routledge, 2015)

Maxson J. McDowell, Neurosis [online text]

"It's a Complex Life," in Daryl Sharp, Digesting Jung: Food for the Journey 9-12 (Toronto: Inner City Books, 2001) [online text of the entire book]

"The Driving Forces in Neuroses," in Karen Horney, Self-Analysis 37-72 (New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1942)

Karen Horney, Our Inner Conflicts: A Constructive Theory of Neurosis 23-33(New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1945)

Alexander Lowen, Fear of Life 1-3, 8-10(New York: Macmillan, 1980)

Franz Alexander, Fundamentals of Psychoanalysis 208-212(New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1948)

David Shapiro, Neurotic Styles 1-4, 15-22 (New York: Basic Books, 1965)

5: michelle michaud--a lawyer talks about life & work

"The Cornucopia of Julia K.," in Lowell B. Komie, The Legal Fiction of Lowell B. Komie (Chicago: Swordfish/Chicago, 2005) [25 Legal Stud. F. 71 (2001)] [online text]

Douglas LaBier, Modern Madness: The Emotional Fallout of Success 1-10, 14-17 (Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley Publ. Co., 1986)

Brenda Berger, Prisoners of Liberation: A Psychoanalytic Perspective on Disenchantment and Burnout Among Career Women Lawyers, 56 (5) J. Clinical Psychology/In Session: Psychotherapy in Practice 665 (2000)

Peter Axelrod, An Antidote to Burnout and Boredom, Arizona Attorney (2001) [online text]

6: the emotional fallout of work

"The Iron Cage," in Barry Schwartz, The Costs of Living: How Market Freedom Erodes the Best Things in Life 7-9 (New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1994)

"Why Lawyers Are Depressed, Anxious, Bored Insomniacs," Wall Street Journal (June 12, 1995)

Connie J.A. Beck, Lawyer Distress: Alcohol-related Problems and Other Psychological Concerns among a Sample of Practicing Lawyers, 10 J.L. & Health 1 (1995) [online text]


Jennifer Senior, Can't Get No Satisfaction: In a Culture Where Work Can be a Religion, Burnout is Its Crisis of Faith, New York Magazine (2007) [online text]

Wilmar B. Shaufeli, Michael P. Leiter & Christina Maslach, Burnout: 35 Years of Research and Practice, 14 (3) Career Development International 204 (2009) [online text]

Christina Maslach & Michael P. Leiter, Reversing Burnout: How to Rekindle Your Passion for Your Work, Stan. Social Innovation Rev. (2005) [online text]

6-1: positive psychology

Craig Lambert, The Science of Happiness: Psychology Explores Humans at Their Best, Harvard Magazine (January-February, 2007) [online text]

Martin Seligman, Positive Psychology [online text]

Martin Seligman & Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, Positive Psychology: An Introduction, 55 (1) Am. Psychologist 5 (2000) [online text]

Martin E.P. Seligman, Why Are Lawyers So Unhappy?, Lawyers with Depression Blog [online text]

assign6-2: mindfulness

Rhonda V. Magee, Justice Begins with a Breath, 102 (1) A.B.A. J. 24 (January, 2016)

Ellen J. Langer, A Scholar of the Absent Mind, New York Times, Sept. 23, 1997 [online text]

___________, Mindful Learning, 9 (6) Current Directions in Psychological Science 220 (2000) [online text]

Scott L. Rogers, The Role of Mindfulness in the Ongoing Evolution of Legal Education 387, 387-395 (2014)

Edith K. Ackermann, The Craftsman, The Trickster, and The Poet: "Re-Souling" the Rational Mind (2011) [online text] [audio lecture version of the essay :: 25:29 mins.]

Scott R. Bishop,, Mindfulness: A Proposed Operational Definition, 11 (3) Clinical Psychological :Science & Practice 231 (2004) [online text]

R. Lisle Baker & Daniel P. Brown, On Engagement: Learning to Pay Attention, 36 UALR L. Rev. 337 (2014) [online text]

6-3: mindfulness with jon kabat-zinn

Juliet Adams, Mindfulness: Much Ado about Nothing? [online text] [reflections on a public talk by Jon Kabat-Zinn]

7: (optional): psychotherapists talking about psychotherapy

Carl B. Rogers, On Becoming a Person: A Therapist's View of Psychotherapy 167-175 (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., Sentry edition, 1961)

"The Power of Listening," in Gerry Spence, Win Your Case 34-46 (New York: St. Martin's Press, 2005)

"The Road of Psychoanalytic Therapy," in Karen Horney, Neurosis and Human Growth: The Struggle Toward Self-Realization 333-365 (New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1950) [Karen Horney bio]

Jonathan Shedler, That Was Then, This is Now: An Introduction to Contemporary Psychodynamic Therapy [online text] [The Shedler paper is quite long. The core of the paper--pp. 12-36, a thorough-going examination of contemporary psychoanalytic psychotherapy--is highly recommended.] [Dr. Shedler is a Clinical Associate Professor of Psychiatry at the University of Colorado School of Medicine and was formerly Director of Psychology at the University of Colorado Hospital Outpatient Psychiatry Department.]

c.g. jung: a documentary

June Singer, Boundaries of the Soul: The Practice of Jung's Psychology xiii-xxxii (New York: Doubleday& Co., 1972)

Elkins, Reading Jung [online text]

Elkins, C.G. Jung and Our Transforming Pathologies [online text]

C.G. Jung on the Unconscious [online text]

Ann Hopwood, Jung's Model of the Psyche [online text]

"Jung's Model of the Unconscious," in Robert A. Johnson, Inner Work 5-11 (New York: Harper & Row, 1986)

Daryl Sharp, Digesting Jung (Toronto: Inner City Books, 2001) [online text] [this relatively short guide to Jung's analytical psychology can be read over a period of the two weeks assignments in which we will focus on Jung's theories]

jung's analytical/depth psychology

"The Aims of Psychotherapy," in C.G. Jung, Modern Man in Search of a Soul (New York: Harcourt, Brace & Co., 1939) (W.S. Dell & Cary F. Barnes trans.)

"The Basic Postulates of Analytical Psychology," in C.G. Jung, Modern Man in Search of a Soul (New York: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1933) (Cary Barnes trans.) [online text]

C.G. Jung, Analytical Psychology: Its Theory and Practice (New York: Pantheon Books, 1968)

jungian analysts talking about therapy

C.G. Jung on Therapy [online text]

Why Explore Jungian Psychology? [online text]

sigmund freud & psychoanalysis

Adam Phillips, Becoming Freud: The Making of a Psychoanalyst 1-28 (New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 2014)

Jonathan Shedler, The Efficacy of Psychodynamic Psychotherapy, 65 (2) American Psychologist 98 (2010) [online text]

Mark Solms & Oliver H. Turnbull, What Is Neuropsychoanalysis, 13 (2) Neuropsychoanalysis 1 (2011) [online text]

freud & psychoanalysis: pt2

Beverley Clack, Freud on the Couch: A Critical Introduction to the Father of Psychoanalysis 1-29 (London: One World, 2013) [online text]

"The Principles of Psychoanalytic Therapy," in Franz Alexander, Fundamentals of Psychoanalysis 272-302 (New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1963)

A.A. Brill, Lectures on Psychoanalytic Psychiatry 96-102 (New York: Vintage Books, 1955)

"The Id and the Development of the Ego," in Lawrence J. Friedman, Psy'cho-a-nal'-y-sis: Uses and Abuses 57-88 (New York: Paul S. Eriksson, 1968)

"The Functions of the Ego, and Its Failure," in Franz Alexander, Fundamentals of Psychoanalysis 82-95 (New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1963)

freud & psychoanalysis: pt 3

“Introducing the Psychodynamic Approach,” in Michael Jacobs, Psychodynamic Counselling in Action 1-3, 6-25 (Los Angeles: Sage, 4th ed., 2010)

Melissa L. Nelken, Negotiation and Psychoanalysis: If I'd Wanted to Learn about Feelings, I Wouldn't Have Gone to Law School, 46 J. Legal Educ. 420 (1996)

Stephen Grosz, The Examined Life: How We Lose and Find Ourselves 146-150, 167-178 (New York: W.W. Norton, 2013)

Follow-up on Walter Barnett's Psychotherapy with Dr. Paul Weston (from our early sessions)

Frederic N. Busch & Barbara Milrod, "Psychodynamic Treatment of Panic Disorder," in Raymond A. Levy & J. Stuart Ablon (eds.), Handbook of Evidence-Based Psychodynamic Psychotherapy (New York: Humana Press, 2009) [online text]

optional: james hillman | analytical psychology

James Hillman: Talking About Psychology [notes to accompany "James Hillman on Archetypal Psychotherapy, DVD to be shown in class]

Benedict Carey, James Hillman in Men's Movement, Dies at 85, New York Times, October 27, 2011 [obituary] [online]

Daniel Goleman, "In Spirit of Jung, Analyst Creates Therapy Nearer Art Than Science," New York Times, July 2, 1985 [online]

“Conversations With a Remarkable Man: Honoring the Late James Hillman,” The Sun (July 2012)(with Sy Safransky, Scott London & Genie Zeiger) [online text]

Scott London Interview, “On Soul, Character and Calling: A Conversation with James Hillman”
{blog} [online text]

Cliff Bostock, Decoding Hillman, C.G. Jung Society of Atlanta, 2002 [online text]

Bonnie Bright, An Archetypal Perspective on Clinical Practice [online text] [drawing on the work of Michael Conforti, a Jungian analyst]

humanistic psychology

What Is Humanistic Psychology?
[Association of Humanistic Psychology]

"Humanistic Educational Psychology," in Jack Himmelstein, Reassessing Law Schooling: An Inquiry Into the Application of Humanistic Education Psychology to the Teaching of Law, 53 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 514 543-547 (1978)

The Humanistic Approach
[William Glassman, Professor Emeritus, Department of Psychology, Ryerson University]

Humanistic Psychology
[Saylor Academy]

Humanistic Approach: Basics
[Psychlotron Teaching Resource Bank]

The Humanistic and Behavioral Traditions: Areas of Agreement and Disagreement
[David N. Elkins, Psychotherapy, 2012]

transpersonal psychology

Stanislav Grof, A Brief History of Transpersonal Psychology [online text] [a version of this paper appeared in 27 Int. J. Transpersonal Stud. 46 (2008)]

Paul F. Cunningham, The Challenges, Prospects, and Promise of Transpersonal Psychology, 26 Int. J. Transpersonal Stud. 41 (2007)

S.I. Shapiro, Grace W. Lee & Philippe L. Gross, The Essence of Transpersonal Psychology: Contemporary Views, 21 Int. J. Transpersonal Stud. 19 (2002)

Mariana Caplan, Glenn Hartelius & Mary Anne Radin, Contemporary Viewpoints on Transpersonal Psychology, 35 J. Transpersonal Psy. 143 (2003) [online text]

Understanding Ourselves

assign2-1: understanding ourselves | an introduction

"The Power of Discovering the Self," in Gerry Spence, Win Your Case 9-18 (New York: St. Martin's Press, 2005)

"Understanding Ourselves," in Thomas Shaffer & James R. Elkins, Legal Interviewing and Counseling 300-351 (St. Paul, Minnesota: West Publ., 4th ed., 1997)

Kathleen O'Dwyer, After Freud: How Well Do We Know Ourselves and Why Does It Matter?, 3 (2) J. Phil. of Life 97 (2013) [online text]

Gerry Spence on Self-Knowledge [James R. Elkins :: notes]

An Unexamined Life [James R. Elkins, Archaeology of Criticism]

David A. Beardsley, The Ideal of Introspection [online text]

assign2-2: the johari window

Joseph Luft, Of Human Interaction 13-73 (Palo Alto, California: Mayfield Publ., 1969)

"The Johari Window," in Thomas Shaffer & James R. Elkins, Legal Interviewing and Counseling 169-177 (St. Paul, Minnesota: West Publishing Co., 4th ed., 2005)

Joseph Luft, The Johari Window: A Graphic Model of Awareness in Interpersonal Relations, NTL Reading Book for Human Relations Training, 1982 [online text]

Johari Window Schematic

assign2-3: transactional analysis

"Transactional Analysis," in Thomas L. Shaffer & James R. Elkins, Legal Interviewing and Counseling 180-184 (St. Paul, Minnesota: Thomson/West, 4th ed., 2005)

Eric Berne, Games People Play: The Psychology of Human Relationships 23-34 (New York: Grove Press, 1967)

Eric Berne, What Do You Say After You Say Hello? The Psychology of Human Destiny 11-21 (New York: Grove Press, 1978)

Carol Solomon, Transactional Analysis Theory: The Basics, 33 Transactional Analysis J. 15 (2003) [online text]

assign2-4: transference | counter-transference

"Transference and Countertransference," in Willard Gaylin, Talk Is Not Enough: How Psychotherapy Really Works 72-78 (Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 2000)

Freud on Transference
[, Romanian Association For Psychoanalysis Promotion]

"Observations on Transference from the Literature of Psychotherapy" & "The Transference Relationship in Legal Counseling," in Thomas L. Shaffer, Undue Influence, Confidential Relationship, and the Psychology of Transference, 45 Notre Dame Lawyer 197, 204-215, 235-237 (1970)

Louis H. Hamel & J. Timothy Davis, Transference and Countertransference in the Lawyer-Client Relationship: Psychoanalysis Applied in Estate Planning, 25 Psychoanalytic Psychology 590 (2008)

Marjorie A. Silver, Love, Hate, and Other Emotional Interference in the Lawyer/Client Relationship, 6 Clinical L. Rev. 259 (1999) [online text] [assigned reading: pp. 259-289]

assign2-5: c.g. jung's psychological types

"The Functions of Consciousness, Otherwise Called Typology," in Eugene Pascal, Jung to Live By 15-45 (New York: Warner Books, 1992)

Larry Richard, How Your Personality Affects Your Practice: The Lawyer Types, 79 A.B.A. J. 74 (1993)

Airina Rodrigues, Introverts in an Extroverts' World, 102 (1) A.B.A. J. 36 (January 2016)

"Psychological Types," in Daryl Sharp, Jungian Psychology Unplugged: My Life as an Elephant 9-14 (Toronto: Inner City Books, 1998)

"A Psychological Theory of Types," in C.G. Jung, Modern Man in Search of a Soul 85-108 (New York: Harcourt, Brace & Co., 1939)

assign2-6: abraham maslow's hierarchy of needs

C. George Boeree, Personality Theories: Abraham Maslow (1908-1970) [online text]

Hierarchy of Needs (Diagram): Diagram || Expanded Levels || Basic Chart

Lawrence S. Krieger, Psychological Insights: Why Our Students Suffer, and What We Might Do About It, 1 JALWD: J. Assoc. Legal Writing Directors 258 (2002) [online text]

Abraham H. Maslow, The Farther Reaches of Human Nature 41-53, 57-71 (New York: Viking Press, 1971)

assign2-7: jung's theory of individuation

"Neurosis, Therapy, and Individuation," in David Tacey, How to Read Jung 74-83 (New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 2007)

"Neurosis and Individuation," in Daryl Sharp, Jungian Psychology Unplugged: My Life as an Elephant (Toronto: Inner City Books, 1998)

"Journey Toward Wholeness," in Frances G. Wickes, The Inner World of Choice 271-277 (Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1976)

Josef Goldbrunner, Individuation: A Study of the Depth Psychology of Carl Gustave Jung 119-145 (Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press, 1964)

Martin Schmidt, Individuation [online text]

assign2-8: persona & shadow

"Masks for All Seasons," in Eugene Pascal, Jung to Live By 46-55 (New York: Warner Books, 1992)

"Persona and Shadow," in June Singer, Boundaries of the Soul: The Practice of Jung's Psychology 187-196, 199-201 (New York: Doubleday & Co., 1972)

"The Revealed and the Concealed in Relations with Others (Persona and Shadow)," in Murray Stein, Jung’s Map of the Soul: An Introduction 105-124 (Chicago: Open Court, 1998)

C.G. Jung on the "Shadow" [online text]

C.G. Jung on the "Shadow": Pt2 [online text]

"The Lawyer Persona," in Thomas L. Shaffer & James R. Elkins, Legal Interviewing and Counseling 42-59 (St. Paul, Minnesota: Thomson/West, 4th ed., 2005) [online text]

James R. Elkins, The Legal Persona: An Essay on the Professional Mask, 64 Vir. L. Rev. 735 (1978) [online text]

assign2-8-b: jung's concept of "complexes"

Daryl Sharp, Digesting Jung: Food for the Journey 9-15 (Toronto: Inner City Books, 2001) [online text of the entire book]

James Hollis, Stories, and Stories, C.G. Jung Society of Atlanta, 2004 [online text]

"Realm of the Complexes," in Eugene Pascal, Jung to Live By 56-78 (New York: Warner Books, 1992)

"Complexes by Day and Demons by Night," in June Singer, Boundaries of the Soul: The Practice of Jung's Psychology 33-35 (Garden City, New York: Doubleday & Co., 1973)

Betsy Cohen, "Tangled Up in Blue: A Reappraisal of Complex Theory," in Jean Kirsch & Murray Stein (eds.), How and Why We Still Read Jung: Personal and Professional Reflections 128-131 (New York: Routledge, 2013)

Manfred Kets De Vries, Executive Complexes, 36 Organization Dynamics 377 (2007) [online text]

assign2-9: ego defense mechanisms

Anna Freud, The Ego and the Mechanisms of Defence 4-10 (New York: International Universities Press, 1946)

Don E. Hamachek, Encounters With the Self 17-28 (New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1971)

"Defense Mechanisms of the Ego," in Franz Alexander, Fundamentals of Psychoanalysis 96-101 (New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1963)

Margot Phaneu, Defense Mechanisms Used By Students [online text]

assign2-10: emotional intelligence

John Welwood, "Befriending Emotion," in John Welwood (ed.), Awakening the Heart: East/West Approaches to Psychotherapy and the Healing Relationship 79-84 (Boulder, Colorado: Shambhala, 1983)

John Welwood, Befriending Emotion: Self-Knowledge and Transformation, 11 (2) J. of Transpersonal Psy. 141 (1979)] [online text]

"The Denial of Feelings," in Alexander Lowen, Narcissism: Denial of the True Self 47-77 (New York: Collier Books, 1985)

"Preface," to James Hillman, Emotion: A Comprehensive Phenomenology of Theories and Their Meanings for Therapy (Evanston, Illinois: Northwestern University Press, 1992) [online text]

Mark Solm, Thinking and Feeling: What's the Difference? [online text]

Thomas L. Shaffer & Robert S. Redmount, The Worship of the Disembodied Brain: The Result is a Legal Education that Sanctifies Thinking Over Feeling, Technique Over Tenderness, 2 (2) Learning and the Law 9 (1975) [online text]

Robin Wellford Slocum, An Inconvenient Truth: The Need to Educate Emotionally Competent Lawyers [online text]

__________________, Educating Students About the Emotional Factors That Can Undermine Their Analytical Thinking [online text]

"The Magical Power of Feeling," in Gerry Spence, Win Your Case 25-33 (New York: St. Martin's Press, 2005)

assign2-10-b: emotional intelligence | pt2

"What Is Emotion?" & "Hallmarks of the Emotional Mind" in Daniel Goldman, Emotional Intelligence: Why It Can Matter More Than IQ 289-296, 46-55, 291-296 (New York: Bantam Books, 1995)

"Know Thyself," Daniel Goldman, Emotional Intelligence: Why It Can Matter More Than IQ 46-55 (New York: Bantam Books, 1995)

Contact Professor Elkins