Psychology for Lawyers
jung's theory of individuation
"How can we reconcile the person we are with the person we could be?"
"[Our] undiscovered self, this 'isness,' is always, even in childhood, trying to make itself manifest through the life of the individual in a process of growing self-realization. To discover and live out the meaning of the self through choice of awareness of the hidden movement of non-ego forces is the journey into wholeness. . . . This self [this undiscovered self is a] source of dynamic energy out of which consciousness is born."
"A patient seeks therapy because something unpleasant has arisen in his or her life, and the patient's first thought is how to get rid of the burden and assume a normal life. However, Jung believes that the psyche has another perspective, and a different objective. The psyche rarely shares the ego's point of view, but asks for an altogether different outlook, a higher expectation and a more profound goal. The psyche's objective is not normality or social adjustment, but individuation, namely, encouraging the ego to embark on an adventure, to take part in a quest, and to make an effort to understand the breath and depth of life.
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A general rule of individuation is that psychic life that is not being lived 'coagulates' into various oppositional form, and confronts us as a hostile opponent. . . .
The whole of Jung's theory of individuation can be seen as a management of conflict and opposition. Whether we refer to the shadow . . . or any other archetype, all greet the ego as formations of psychic energy that at first seem opposed to the ego's directions. through psychological awareness, the ego realizes that these strangers are parts of its larger personality, and that they must be welcomed to the banquet of life—or accommodated on the island of consciousness.
"[B]e human, seek understanding, seek insight, and make your hypothesis, your philosophy of life."
"Neurosis, Therapy, and Individuation," in David Tacey, How to Read Jung 74-83 (New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 2007)
"Neurosis and Individuation," in Daryl Sharp, Jungian Psychology Unplugged: My Life as an Elephant 76-80 (Toronto: Inner City Books, 1998)
"Journey Toward Wholeness," in Frances G. Wickes, The Inner World of Choice 271-277 (Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1976)
Josef Goldbrunner, Individuation: A Study of the Depth Psychology of Carl Gustave Jung 119-145 (Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press, 1964)
Martin Schmidt, Individuation [online text]
Relating Maslow's Self-Actualization to Jung's Individuation
"Maslow's conclusions [about self-actualization] fit closely with Jung's concepts of the individuation process, and the relationship between the ego and the Self. Perhaps Maslow over-emphasized the light and forgot the dark, perhaps he failed to sufficiently appreciate the difficulties of self-actualization. . . .
Maslow failed to realize that the wholeness which drew him to self-actualized people had its source in the darkness."
Class Viewing 1: Beyond the Small Life [4:24 mins.] [Roberto Mangabeira Unger]
Class Viewing 2: Soul: Light and Darkness [3:01 mins.] [Michael Meade]
Class Viewing 3: Introduction: Individuation, Persona, and Shadow [13:09 mins.] [Academy of Ideas] [in-class viewing begins at 9:44 mins. and ends at the end of the video, 13:09 mins.]
Class Viewing 4: Individuation [2:59 mins.] [transpersonal psychotherapist Jan Mojsa explains the Jungian term "individuation"]
Class Viewing 5: Symbolic Meaning on the Path to Individuation [11:45 mins.] [Murray Stein] [Stein's presentation ends at 3:36 mins.] [Stein's presentation continues at 6:13 mins. and continues to 8:56 mins. This part of the presentation will not be viewed in class.]
Class Viewing 6: Ken James: On the Transcendent Function [6:54 mins.] [comments on complexes and their relationship to archetypes] [a return to the basics of the Jungian perspective]
C.G. Jung and Individuation
Carl Jung on Individuation
Jung on Mandalas and the Self in "The World Within: C.G. Jung in His Own Words"
A Reading from Jung's Man and His Symbols
Jung Singer: Boundaries of the Soul
Individuation: A Lifelong Journey
Stephen Farah on Carl Jung
What is the Self? Buddhism, Jung & Freud on the Self
Character Types and the Transcendent Function
Stress, Individuation and Developing Inferiors
Alchemy: A Path to Individuation
Individuation and Buddhism
The Authentic Self and the Ego
Individuation Starts with a Crisis
Individuation: A Myth for Modern Man
Jung, Individuation, and Buddhism
Introduction to Carl Jung: Individuation, the Persona, the Shadow, and the Self
Consciousness in Jungian Psychology
Reference (The Self in Jungian Psychology)
"The Self, according to Jung, was the sum total of the psyche, with all its potential included. This is the part of the psyche that looks forward, that contains the drive toward fulfillment and wholeness. In this, the Self was said to drive the process of individuation, the quest of the individual to reach his or her fullest potential."
"Jung's term ego is virtually identical to Freud's; it is the centre of our conscious identity and selfhood. However, for Jung, the task of the ego is to transform itself by integrating as many contents of the unconscious as possible, in which case it begins to function as an ancillary organ of the Self.
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The Self is an archetype which expresses the totality of the psyche and includes the ego and the unconscious . . . .
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Jung postulated a transcendental element that facilitates our journey towards wholeness. This element, or archetype, Jung calls the Self, and it acts as an invisible guarantor of the ego as it makes its journey through life. . . . For Jung, the ego is the centre of consciousness, the focus of our personal identity, whereas the Self is the centre of the entire psyche, conscious and unconscious, and thus the focus of our transpersonal identity. . . .
[The Self] has no equivalent in the Freudian system . . . .
The Self is virtually a transcendental concept, and it cannot be known directly by the ego, but only indirectly through symbol, dream and myth."
C.G. Jung, Self
Self in Jungian Psychology
Carl Jung: Taking Inner Life Seriously
A Note on the Transcendent Function
"In contrast [to Freud], Jung believed the unconscious to be not only the territory of repression but also a mysterious landscape of autonomous, teleological intelligence that compensates for, supplements, even opposes consciousness. . . . Jung's idea was that the unconscious guides us in a purposeful way. This theoretical leap required Jung to enunciate a psychic mechanism through which such guidance takes place. He called the core of that mechanism the transcendent function, a dialogue between the unconscious and consciousness through which a new direction emerges. The concept of the purposive unconscious operating through the transcendent function became the hub of Jung's psychology and represented an irreparable break from Freud. Jung eventually came to believe that one cannot individuate, that is, cannot become the person he or she is truly meant to be, without conversing with and coming to terms with the unconscious. The transcendent function is the primary means thorugh which that reconciliation is accomplished. Conceived and explored quite early in the development of Jung's psychology, the transcendent function is implicated in many of his other kep concepts (e.g., the role of symbol and fantasy, individuation, the archetypes, the Self), indeed may be the wellspring from whence they flow.
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The transcendent function has to do with opening a dialogue between the conscious and unconscious to allow a living, third thing to emerge that is neither a combination of nor a reject of the two. It has a central role in the self-regulating nature of the psyche, individuation, and the Self's drive toward wholeness."
Reference (Joseph Campbell) (Audio)
Shadow and Undeveloped Functions
A Path of Your Own
Joseph Campbell: Follow Your Bliss
Path of the Human Being
To Find Your Way: "Follow Your Bliss"
Spirit Matters: Individuation
The Hero's Quest
The Hero's Journey
Obstacles Posed by the Ego
Beyond False Necessity
From Emotionally Crippled to a Loving Personality
Murray Stein, Transformation: Emergence of the Self (College Station, Texas: Texas A&M University Press, 1998) [online text]
Daryl Sharp, Live Your Nonsense: Halfway to Dawn with Eros--A Jungian Perspective on Individuation (Toronto: Inner City Books, 2010) [online text]
Reconciling Humanistic Ideals and Scientific Clinical Practice
Can Psychological Type be a Barrier to Individuation?
Ambiversion and Individuation
An Introduction to Jung's Psychology: Religion and Individuation
Conceptualization, Construction and Validation of the Existential Fulfillment Scale
Reference (Web Resources)