Psychology for Lawyers

understanding ourselves
abraham maslow's hierarchy of needs



"[S]elf-actualizing people . . . assimilate their work into the identity, into the self, i.e., work actually becomes part of the self, part of the individual's definition of himself.

* * * *

If you take into yourself something important from the world, then you yourself become important thereby. You have made yourself important thereby, as important as that which you have introjected and assimilated to yourself.

* * * *

This identification with important causes, or important jobs, this identifying with them and taking them into the self, thereby enlarging the self and making it important, this is a way of overcoming also actual existential human shortcomings . . . ."

—Abraham H. Maslow, Eupsychian Management: A Journal 1 (Homewood, Illinois: Richard D. Erwin, 1965)

"Self-actualizing people . . . are devoted, working at something, something which is very precious to them—some calling or vocation in the old sense, the priestly sense. They are working at something which fate has called them to somehow and which they work at and which they love, so that the work-joy dichotomy in them disappears. One devotes his life to the law, another to justice, another to beauty or truth. All, in one way or another, devote their lives to the search for what I have called the 'being' values ('B' for short), the ultimate values which are intrinsic, which cannot be reduce to anything more ultimate. . . .

These B-values behave like needs. I have called them metaneeds."

—Abraham H. Maslow, The Farther Reaches of Human Nature 43-44 (New York: Viking Press, 1971)


C. George Boeree, Personality Theories: Abraham Maslow (1908-1970) [online text]

Hierarchy of Needs (Diagram): Diagram || Expanded Levels || Basic Chart

Lawrence S. Krieger, Psychological Insights: Why Our Students Suffer, and What We Might Do About It, 1 JALWD: J. Assoc. Legal Writing Directors 258 (2002) [online text]

Abraham H. Maslow, The Farther Reaches of Human Nature 41-53, 57-71 (New York: Viking Press, 1971)

Class Video

Class Viewing 1: Becoming Self-Actualized: Realizing Your Full Potential [23:46 mins.] [screen in- class first 10:38 mins. of the video] [David Tuffley, author of Genius: Habits of Highly Creative People (CreateSpace, 2012)] [commentary on being in the "now" and "mindfulness"]

Class Viewing 2: Finding Your True Passion is a Cliché [3:55 mins.] [Jordan Peterson] [maximizing meaningful engagement, and to do this you must reduce the self-deception that you are engaged in]

Abraham Maslow Bibliography

Abraham Maslow: Bibliography

Abraham H. Maslow, Toward a Psychology of Being (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1968)

________________, Motivation and Personality (New York: Harper & Row, 2nd ed., 1970) (1954)

________________, The Farther Reaches of Human Nature (New York: Viking Press, 1971)

________________, A Theory of Human Motivation, 50 Psychological Review 370 (1943) [online text]

________________, Theory of Human Motivation [audiobook]

References (Videos)

Maslow in Ten Minutes
[9:46 mins.] [Eric Dodson] [audio with sophisticated slides]

Personality: Abraham Maslow, Hierarchy of Needs, and Self-Actualization
[6:59 mins.] [Chris Dula, East Tennessee State]

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
[9:32 mins.] [audio] [basic concepts] [commentary on self-actualization begins at 6:28 mins.]

An Introduction to Humanistic Psychology
[27:21 mins.] [audio] [basic introduction; focus on Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers; turning away from a focus on the unconscious] [the discussion of Abraham Maslow begins at 16:36 mins. and, for course viewing, can end at 22:56 mins.]

Overview of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
[3:45 mins.]

Introduction to Maslow's Hierarchy of needs
[9:52 mins.]

Expanded Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, Self Actualization, Humanistic Psychology
[21:46 mins.]

Self-Esteem and Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
[17:36 mins.]

Hierarchy of Needs
[9:31 mins.] [audio with Powerpoint presentation]

Human Needs, Sex to Self Actualization, Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
[10:51 mins.]

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
[3:06 mins.]

Using Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs to Redesign a Business Plan
[3:16 mins.]

Dr. Edward Hoffman Lectures on Maslow
[2:52 mins.] Pt2 [9:40 mins.] Pt3 [2:37 mins.] Pt4 [7:32 mins.] Pt5 [4:19 mins.]

Motivational Theory: Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Pyramid
[3:15 mins.] [David Sharpley]

The Motivation Continuum (Self-Determination Theory)
[1:40 mins.]

Genpo Roshi on Why We Suffer
[7:03 mins.]

The Evolutionary Basis for Our Needs Structure

Steven Pinker: On Psychology and Human Nature
[15:21 mins.]

Self-Actualization: Jordan Peterson

Wasting Time and Opportunities
[9:39 mins.]

Advice for Creative People
[2:22 mins.]

Creative Production and Pareto Distributions
[5:14 mins.]

Postmodernism Damages Students' Mental Health
[9:51 mins.] [end at 2:00 mins.]


Self Actualization
[3:12 mins.] [Eldon Taylor, author of Choices and Illusions]

Eddie Murphy on Self-Actualization
[0:42 mins.]

Motivation and Personality
[10:01 mins.] [commentary on self-actualization]

The Psychodynamics of Liberation
[9:43 mins.] [Kathleen Speeth with Jeffrey Mislove]

References (Abraham Maslow) (Video)

Abraham Maslow and Self-Actualization
[14:04 mins.] [content begins at 1:34 mins.]

Encountering Maslow
[11:25 mins.] [a short documentary on the life and influence of Abraham Maslow]

Abraham Maslow and Self Actualization
[54:22 mins.] [1968 film]

References (Web Resources)

Abraham Maslow

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

A.H. Maslow's Vision of Human Nature
[Richard Lowry, Vassar College]

The Self-Actualizing Lawyer
[Psycholawlog, blog]

References (Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs) (Articles)

Rediscovering the Later Version of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
[Mark E. Koltko-Rivera, Review of General Psychology, 2006]

Hierarchy of Needs of Abraham Maslow
[Em Griffin, archived chapter from a previous edition of A First Look at Communication Theory]

Maslow Revis(it)ed
[Bob Dick, 2001]

Beyond Self-Actualization
[Lloyd Greene & George Burke, JHHSA, 2007]

A Look at Maslow's "Basic Propositions"
[Alfie Kohn, a chapter published in Perceiving, Behaving, Becoming: Lessons Learned
( 1999)]

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