Psychology for Lawyers

sigmund freud & psychoanalysis: introduction


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Preface

"In the years since Freud's death, psychology has moved on, building on his and his colleagues' work, developing theories of clinical practice more sophisticated and more effective than the psychoanalysis he left us. Nonetheless, he is the most powerful, original, and influential writer psychology has produced; studying the mind without studying Freud is like studying evolution without Darwin."

—Michael Kahn, Between Therapist and Client: The New Relationship 22 (New York: W.H. Freeman /Holt Paperback, rev. ed., 1997)

"[O]ver the last few years [there has been] a resurgence of interest in psychoanalysis. Both as a way of helping us make sense of the problems and frustrations we experience in today's world, our passions and human dilemmas, and as a method of treatment which just might, after all, help us overcome our problems better than any other that has been devised. . . . [T]here is a growing consensus that there is no way to deal with emotional issues without facing and making sense of what we experience inside. Namely, the passions that can enslave us, the hidden motives that can pervert us, and the illusions that can blind us."

—Douglas LaBier, Modern Madness: The Emotional Fallout of Success 14-15 (Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley Publ. Co., 1986)

Readings

Adam Phillips, Becoming Freud: The Making of a Psychoanalyst 1-28 (New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 2014)

Beverley Clack, Freud on the Couch: A Critical Introduction to the Father of Psychoanalysis 1-29 (London: One World, 2013) [online text]

Jonathan Shedler, The Efficacy of Psychodynamic Psychotherapy, 65 (2) American Psychologist 98 (2010) [online text]

Mark Solms & Oliver H. Turnbull, What Is Neuropsychoanalysis, 13 (2) Neuropsychoanalysis 1 (2011) [online text]

Class Videos

Class Viewing 1: Sigmund Freud: Thinkers for Our Time [1:27:42 mins.] [The British Academy] [2015] [Stephen Frosh talking about the saturation of our culture with Freud's ideas; begins at 3:50 mins.; ends at 15:45 mins.] [psychoanalysis is a discipline and a practice]

Class Viewing 2: Adam Phillips: One Way and Another [17:19 mins.] [streamed live on December 2, 2013] [class presentation ends at 8:42 mins.] [full-length version of the video :: 57:31 mins.]

Class Viewing 3: A Neuropsychoanalytic Approach to the "Talking Cure" [1:49:00 mins.; Mark Solms lecture begins at 1:08:00 mins.; runs approx. 38 mins.] [National Psychological Association For Psychoanalysis | The New School] [telling a "neuro-scientific story" about psychoanalysis] [The lecture that proceeds the Solms presentation on this video is by Jaak Panksepp, "Ancestral Memories: Brain Affective Systems, Ancient Emotional Vocalizations, and the Sources of Our Communicative Urges"]

[Mark Solms (1961- ) is a psychoanalyst and a professor in neuropsychology. He holds the Chair of Neuropsychology at the University of Cape Town and is President of the South African Psychoanalytical Association. He is also currently Research Chair of the International Psychoanalytical Association (since 2013). Solms founded the International Neuropsychoanalysis Society in 2000 and was a Founding Editor of the journal Neuropsychoanalysis. He is Director of the Arnold Pfeffer Center for Neuropsychoanalysis at the New York Psychoanalytic Institute. —Wikipedia] [Mark Solms has been the driving force in establishing the new field of neuro-psychoanalysis, which brings together the fields of neuroscience and psychoanalysis.]

Class Viewing 5: Interview with Mark Solms [21:38 mins.] [begin at 0:43 mins.; end at 4:30 mins.)] [For longer viewing in class view video from the beginning and end at 8:42 mins.] [For a still longer presentation skip from 8:42 mins. to 12:14 mins.; show 12:14 mins. to 14.22 mins.; end at 14:22 mins] ["What is unique to psychoanalysis is that we deal with subjective experience"; What did Freud get right: 1) "the ubiquity of unconscious processes"; 2) importance of early childhood experience; 3) instinctual life (basic drives); 4) insights into dreams]

Alternative Class Video Viewing (Jordan Peterson)

Jordan Peterson Lecture: Freud: An Overview [1:18:39 mins.] [2016 course lecture in Peterson's course, Personality and Its Transformation] [one possible viewing would end the Peterson lecture at 46:04 mins.or, alternatively view the entire presentation; the lecture ends at 1:18:11 mins.]

or

Jordan Peterson Lecture: Freud [1:14:39 mins.] [2015 course lecture in Peterson's course, Personality and Its Transformation] Lecture Part II [1:16:06 mins.] [Pt II can end at 38:50 mins.]

or

Jordan Peterson: Freud and the Dynamic Unconscious [48:21 mins.] [2017 course lecture in Peterson's course, Personality and Its Transformation] [end the Peterson lecture at 6:53 mins.; begin again at 15:13 mins.and end at 28:35 mins.]

or

Presentation by Jordan Peterson about Mulholland Drive [32:05 mins.] [end presentation at 22:55 mins.]

| Jordan Peterson Lectures and Videos |

Alternative Class Video (Paul Bloom, Yale)

Introduction to Psychology: Freud [56:30 mins.] [Paul Bloom, Yale University] [2008] [begin presentation at 1:58 mins. and end class presentation at 20:48 mins.] [on ego defense mechanisms, see 20:48 mins. to 25:40 mins.] [for a longer showing of the video end at 28:40 mins.] [at 32:52 mins. Bloom discusses the contemporary critique of Freudian theory]

Psychoanalysis: A Cautionary Note

Jordan Peterson: Carl Rogers, Humanism, Phenomenology
[50:09 mins.] [Peterson comments on his regard for psychoanalysis, and how it may not always provide the best perspective in a clinical setting; begin presentation at 13:35 mins. and end at 20:12 mins.]

Nancy McWilliams on Psychoanalysis and its Discontents (and Hopes for the Future)
[33:30 mins.]

Reference (Jordan Peterson)

Peterson Explains Psychoanalytic Theory
[24:13 mins.] [poor quality video]

Reference (Adam Phillips--Analyst & Author)

Autobiography
[2:05 mins.] [comments on reading Jung's Memories, Dreams, and Reflections]

Interview
[14:31 mins.] [2011] [Phillips comments on therapy at 4:18 mins. to 6:14 mins.; on therapy and theories; listening for the sentence; stories can be defensive (a coherent narrative ecludes a lot of anomalous and difficult things)]

Writing a Book about Freud
[4:02 mins.] [Adam Phillips] Pt2 [6:32 mins.]

Adam Phillips On Becoming Freud
[53:46 mins.]

Freud's Impossible Life
[48:14 mins.] [audio] [podcast originally published by the University of Oxford Podcast Series in November, 2012]

On the Couch: Adam Phillips & Daphne Merkin
[53:46 mins.]

Freud's Helplessness
[1:21:39 mins.] [Berkeley, California, 2009] [Phillips' presentation begins at 4:20 mins.]

On Kindness
[5:45 mins.]

On Being Too Much for Ourselves
[13:42 mins.]

Pleasure and Frustration
[6:08 mins.]

Live from the New York Public Library
[6:09 mins.]

An Interview with Adam Phillips
[4:03 mins.] Pt2 [6:32 mins.]

An Interview of Adam Phillips
[57:31 mins.]

Conversation with Psychoanalyst James Mann
[1:02:37 mins.] [relates his early interest in psychoanalysis to reading Jung's Memories, Dreams, Reflections] [talking about his book Unforbidden Pleasures]

Talking with Chris Oakley about Unforbidden Pleasures
[1:03:03 mins.]

On Money
[44:36 mins.]

Missing Out
[1:01:10 mins.]

On Losing And Being Lost Again
[56:59 mins.] [Phillips' presentation begins at 3:26 mins.]

In Conversation with Andrew Miller
[1:28:51 mins.]

Adam Phillips on Sebald
[3:39 mins.]

Reference (Mark Solm)

The Role of the Unconscious
[10:56 mins.]

Psychoanalysis and Neuroscience?
[8:36 mins.] [Mark Solms]

Neuroscience Challenging Psychoanalysis?
[11:57 mins.]

Psychoanalysis: Relevance to Neuropsychoanalysis
[7:31 mins.]

Instincts, Dreams, Freud & Neuroscience
[7:06 mins.]

Interview
[21:38 mins.]

Psychoanalysis and Neuroscience
[1:58:19 mins.] [panel presentations] [Mark Solm in dialogue with Robert Michels who is skeptical about the usefulness of neuroscience to validate psychoanalysis; dialogue begins at 27:46 mins., runs to 35:56 mins.] [Solms also appears at 1:25:12 to 1:28:16 mins.]

Neuro-Psychoanalysis: Where Mind Meets Brain
[29:15 mins.]

The Conscious Id
[1:19:00 mins.] [Solms lecture begins at 5:30 mins.] Pt2 [1:12:55 mins.] [discussion of the lecture]

The Unconscious in Psychoanalysis and Cognitive Science
[57:48 mins.] [a lecture titled, "Consciousness by Surprise"] [2014] [poor quality video; audio is fine]

General Principles of the Hypothetico-­Deductive Approach
[2:10:58 mins.]

The Animal Within Us
[2:07:14 mins.] [St. Louis Psychoanalytic Institute] [2015] [presentation begins at 7:26 mins.]

Mark Solms: University of Cape Town Online Course: "What Is a Mind?"

Index of Questions and Topics Posed for Discussion

Is Our "Mind" the Only Mind that Exists in Our Brain?
[7:11 mins.] [Mark Solms]

Does the Mind Control Us or Do We Control the Mind?
[7:44 mins.]

The Role of Imagination
[5:59 mins.]

What Do We Really Mean by "Subjectivity"?
[7:30 mins.]

Do Thoughts Follow Feelings?
[7:21 mins.]

Changing Our Responses to our Surroundings and Emotions
[6:56 mins.]

The Function of Dreams
[7:37 mins.]

Definition of "Consciousness"
[9:04 mins.]

The Role of the Unconscious
[10:56 mins.]

Which Came First: Conscious or Unconscious?
[11:09 mins.] [podcast]

Relationship between Unconscious and Conscious
[5:07 mins.] [podcast]

Who and What Am "I"?
[7:47 mins.]

Reference (Neuropsychoanalysis)

Neuropsychoanalysis with Neuroscientist Maggie Zellener
[26:10 mins.] [audio interview] [Maggie Zellener is a psychoanalyst in private practice in New York] [Zellener talks about her introduction to psychoanalysis; the beginning of the interview is a rather good introduction to psychoanalysis] [possible end of presentation in 10:07 mins.]

The Neuroscience of Emotions
[1:02:09 mins.] [Philippe Golden]

Embodied Happiness: The Practical Neuroscience of Positive Emotions
[1:12:50 mins.] [Rick Hanson] Pt2 [51:33 mins.]

Motivation to Pursue Dreams and Hopes: Understanding the Brain's Reward System
[1:27:09 mins.]

Neuropsychoanalysis: How Can We Practice Such A Transdisciplinary Enterprise?
[1:23:30 mins.]

Couch Meets Scanner: The New Science of Neuropsychoanalysis
[56:23 mins.] [Casey Schwartz] [presentation begins at 4:12 mins.]

Reference (Neuro-Psychoanalysis)(Heather Berlin)

Delving Within
[1:13:52 mins. October, 2016] ["Delving Within: The New Science of the Unconscious" featuring Steve Paulson, Efrat Ginot, Heather Berlin, and George Makari]

What Separates the Unconscious from the Conscious?
[3:19 mins.]

Does Cognitive Neuroscience Research Validate Freud?
[4:32 mins.] [an excerpt from from "Delving Within: The New Science of the Unconscious" featuring Steve Paulson, Efrat Ginot, Heather Berlin, and George Makari]

Cognitive Science of the Unconscious Mind
[13:30 mins.] [2012]

The Neuroscience of the Unconscious
[45:43 mins.] [2016] [presentation at the Mind Science Foundation]

The Neural Basis of the Dynamic Unconscious
[1:05:38 mins.] Pt2 [1:01:38 mins.] [discussion of Heather Berlin lecture]

Heather Berlin, The Neural Basis of the Dynamic Unconscious, 13 (1) Neuropsychoanalysis 5 (2011) [online text]

The Brain is Our Last Frontier and Consciousness is Expanding
[18:09 mins.] [TED talk]

Who's Really in Control? The Illusion of Free Will
[45:10 mins.]

Theories of Consciousness: Science Goes to the Movies
[3:35 mins.]

Reference (Books on the Mind-Brain Dialogue)

The Neuropsychoanalysis Association recommends the following books on the mind-brain dialogue:

Mark Solms & Oliver Turnbull, The Brain and the Inner World (New York: Other Press, 2002)

Jaak Panksepp & Lucy Biven, The Archeology of Mind: Neuroevolutionary Origins of Human Emotion (New York: W.W. Norton, 2912)

Norman Doidge, The Brain That Changes Itself (New York: Penguin, 2007)

Karen Kaplan-Solms & Mark Solms, Clinical Studies in Neuro-Psychoanalysis (New York: Other Press, 2001).

Stanislas Dehaene, Consciousness and the Brain (New York: Penguin Books, 2014).

Aikaterini Fotopoulou, Donald Pfaff & Martin A. Conway (eds.), From the Couch to the Lab: Trends in Psychodynamic Neuroscience (New York: Oxford University Press, 2012)

Antonio Damasio, Self Comes to Mind (New York: Vintage, 2012)

Reference (Skeptical View of Neuropsychoanalysis)

Franck Ramus, What's the Point of Neuropsychoanalysis?, 203 Brit. J. Psychiatry (2013) [online text]

Reference (The Debate about Neuropsychoanalysis)

Anton Glasnović, Goran Babić & Vida Demarin, Psychoanalysis Has Its Place in Modern Medicine, and Neuropsychoanalysis Is Here to Support It, 56 Croatian Med. J. 503 (2015) [online text]

Mathieu Arminjon, Is Psychoanalysis a Folk Psychology?, Frontiers in Psychology (March, 2013) [online text]

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